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The way to tell the installation of the Cisco USB driver is good and the connection is good is as follows: Open the Windows Device Manager, navigate to the Ports (COM & LPT) section and open the section so you can view the indivicual Ports, plug the cable into the PC and the Cisco router and you'll see a new port appear, typically COM4 which is the default as setup by the Cisco USB Console driver. Download SAMSUNG Mobile MTP Device Driver 2.9.201.1018 (Mobile Phones).

This section provides guidance how to establish serial connection between ESP32 and PC.

Connect ESP32 to PC¶

Connect the ESP32 board to the PC using the USB cable. If device driver does not install automatically, identify USB to serial converter chip on your ESP32 board (or external converter dongle), search for drivers in internet and install them.

Below are the links to drivers for ESP32 boards produced by Espressif:

Development Board

USB Driver

Remarks

Programmer board (w/o ESP32)

n/a

Use with ESP-Prog

n/a

Use with ESP-Prog

  • CP210x: CP210x USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers

  • FTDI: FTDI Virtual COM Port Drivers

The drivers above are primarily for reference. Under normal circumstances, the drivers should be bundled with an operating system and automatically installed upon connecting one of the listed boards to the PC.

Check port on Windows¶

Check the list of identified COM ports in the Windows Device Manager. Disconnect ESP32 and connect it back, to verify which port disappears from the list and then shows back again.

Figures below show serial port for ESP32 DevKitC and ESP32 WROVER KIT

USB to UART bridge of ESP32-DevKitC in Windows Device Manager

Two USB Serial Ports of ESP-WROVER-KIT in Windows Device Manager

Check port on Linux and macOS¶

To check the device name for the serial port of your ESP32 board (or external converter dongle), run this command two times, first with the board / dongle unplugged, then with plugged in. The port which appears the second time is the one you need:

Linux

macOS

Note

macOS users: if you don’t see the serial port then check you have the USB/serial drivers installed as shown in the Getting Started guide for your particular development board. For macOS High Sierra (10.13), you may also have to explicitly allow the drivers to load. Open System Preferences -> Security & Privacy -> General and check if there is a message shown here about “System Software from developer …” where the developer name is Silicon Labs or FTDI.

Adding user to dialout on Linux¶

The currently logged user should have read and write access the serial port over USB. On most Linux distributions, this is done by adding the user to dialout group with the following command:

on Arch Linux this is done by adding the user to uucp group with the following command:

Make sure you re-login to enable read and write permissions for the serial port.

Verify serial connection¶

Now verify that the serial connection is operational. You can do this using a serial terminal program by checking if you get any output on the terminal after reseting ESP32.

Windows and Linux¶

In this example we will use PuTTY SSH Client that is available for both Windows and Linux. You can use other serial program and set communication parameters like below.

Run terminal, set identified serial port, baud rate = 115200, data bits = 8, stop bits = 1, and parity = N. Below are example screen shots of setting the port and such transmission parameters (in short described as 115200-8-1-N) on Windows and Linux. Remember to select exactly the same serial port you have identified in steps above.

Setting Serial Communication in PuTTY on Linux

Then open serial port in terminal and check, if you see any log printed out by ESP32. The log contents will depend on application loaded to ESP32, see Example Output.

Note

Close the serial terminal after verification that communication is working. If you keep the terminal session open, the serial port will be inaccessible for uploading firmware later.

macOS¶

To spare you the trouble of installing a serial terminal program, macOS offers the screen command.

  • As discussed in Check port on Linux and macOS, run:

  • You should see similar output:

  • The output will vary depending on the type and the number of boards connected to your PC. Then pick the device name of your board and run:

    Replace device_name with the name found running ls/dev/cu.*.

  • What you are looking for is some log displayed by the screen. The log contents will depend on application loaded to ESP32, see Example Output. To exit the screen session type Ctrl-A + .

Note

Do not forget to exit the screen session after verifying that the communication is working. If you fail to do it and just close the terminal window, the serial port will be inaccessible for uploading firmware later.

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Example Output¶

An example log by ESP32 is shown below. Reset the board if you do not see anything.

If you can see readable log output, it means serial connection is working and you are ready to proceed with installation and finally upload of application to ESP32.

Note

For some serial port wiring configurations, the serial RTS & DTR pins need to be disabled in the terminal program before the ESP32 will boot and produce serial output. This depends on the hardware itself, most development boards (including all Espressif boards) do not have this issue. The issue is present if RTS & DTR are wired directly to the EN & GPIO0 pins. See the esptool documentation for more details.

If you got here from Step 6. Connect Your Device when installing s/w for ESP32 development, then you can continue with Step 7. Configure.

Created on: 21 September 2017

ESP-WROOM-32 testing and first use of the ESP32 Devkit board from DOIT (doit.am), also sold as Geekcreit ESP32 Development Board with WiFi and Bluetooth. How to start using the ESP32 Devkit from DOIT.

This article shows how to do some basic initial tests to see if a new ESP32 Devkit board is working. It also shows how to install Windows drivers for the board and how to communicate with the board from a serial port terminal program in Windows and Linux. The ESP32 Devkit board from DOIT is based on the ESP-WROOM-32 microcontroller from Espressif with integrated WiFi and Bluetooth.

LuaNode is preloaded on the board allowing it to be programmed in the Lua programming language. Some simple programs written in Lua are used to test the board to see if it is running.

Below is a top and bottom view of the board used in this tutorial.

DOIT ESP-WROOM-32 Devkit used in this Testing and First Use Tutorial

ESP32 Devkit ESP-WROOM-32 Board Basic Hardware Information

This section contains the basic minimum information that anyone using the ESP32 Devkit board needs to know before starting to use it, test it or program it.

ESP32 Devkit Power and USB Cable

The ESP32 Devkit board is powered from a micro-USB connector. Plug a USB cable with micro-B plug into the micro-USB socket on the board and the other end into a PC USB port to power up the board. A regulator on the board supplies the ESP-WROOM-32 module with 3.3V derived from the USB 5V.

ESP32 Board Micro-USB Connector

ESP32 Devkit Main Components

Two main components or ICs are found on the board:

  • ESP-WROOM-32 module – Espressif microcontroller with integrated Wi-Fi and Bluetooth.
  • CP2102 – Silicon Labs single-chip USB-to-UART bridge.

ESP-WROOM-32 Microcontroller Module and CP2102 USB-to-UART Bridge

On-board LEDs

A red LED indicates that the board is powered up and has 3.3V from the regulator. The blue LED is user programmable and is connected to the GPIO2 pin of the ESP-WROOM-32 module.

Both LEDs are shown illuminated in the image below.

LEDs on the ESP32 Devkit Board

Hardware and Software References

More information on each hardware and software component of the ESP Devkit board can be found at the following links.

  • DOIT – designers of the ESP32 Devkit microcontroller board.
  • Espressif – manufacturers of the ESP-WROOM-32 microcontroller module.
  • Silicon Labs CP2102 – USB-to-UART bridge.
  • LuaNode software – Lua interpreter that is pre-loaded on the board.

There should be no need to install the LuaNode software on the board, it should already be installed when purchased.

Testing the Board – Power Indicator

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The first and most basic test that can be done is to power up the board via a USB cable and to check that the red LED lights up as shown in the image below. This confirms that the 3.3V power from the on-board regulator is working.

ESP32 Devkit Power On Led

The next basic test is to see if the board can be detected by the operating system and load drivers for it.

Linux Drivers

Linux drivers should already be installed on most Linux systems. Plug the ESP32 Devkit board into the Linux PC using a USB cable and enter the following command to find the name of the port that the board is connected to.

A more basic and manual test to see if the drivers on a Linux computer have loaded is to first enter the following command in a terminal window without the board plugged into the PC.

Now plug the board in and run the same command again. The new device starting with tty that appears in the list is the ESP32 Devkit board. For example, it appears as ttyUSB0 on my Linux Mint computer.

Also try the following command before and after plugging the board in to see if the board is configured as a ttyUSB device.

Download and Install Windows Drivers

Drivers must be installed on Windows systems for the Silicon Labs CP2102 USB-to-UART bridge chip. After drivers have been loaded, the board appears as a virtual COM port (VCP) on the PC.

Download CP2102 Driver

Go to the CP210x USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers page and select the driver for your version of Windows. For Windows 7 and 10 download from the Download VCP link as shown highlighted by a red dot below.

CP2102 Driver Download

Install CP2102 Driver

Extract the contents of the downloaded zipped driver file and copy the contents to a folder on your PC.

Use a USB cable to plug the board into a PC USB port. The device driver installation will fail.

Click the Windows Start button and search for device manager. Click Device Manager in the search results to open it as shown below.

CP2102 in Windows Device Manager

Right-click CP2102 in the Device Manager window and select Update driver software... on the menu that pops up. In the dialog box that opens, click Browse my computer for driver software. In the next dialog box, use the Browse... button to navigate to the folder that you extracted the drivers to, then click the Next button as shown below.

CP2102 Windows Driver Install

Drivers for the CP2102 will now be installed on Windows. Click the Close button when done.

Download a Serial Port Terminal Program for Windows

A terminal program is needed to connect to the Lua interpreter on the ESP32 board via the virtual COM port.

If you don't have a serial port terminal program installed on your PC, you can download Tera Term for Windows. Go to the Tera Term download page and download the newest release of Tera Term. Download the zip file, e.g. teraterm-4.96.zip.

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Extract the teraterm folder from the downloaded zipped file and place it in a convenient location, e.g. on your desktop.

To run Tera Term, open the folder, e.g. teraterm-4.96, then find and double-click ttermpro.exe.

Serial Port Terminal Program for Linux

Minicom is a text based serial port terminal program for Linux that is run from the command line. On Ubuntu based Linux distributions such as Linux Mint, enter the following command to install Minicom.

Testing the ESP32 Devkit Serial Port Connection

In this test the serial port terminal program is connected to the ESP32 Devkit board. When a connection is made and the board is booted up, diagnostic messages and the Lua prompt will be seen in the terminal window.

Connecting to the ESP32 Devkit using Tera Term in Windows

Before connecting, start Device Manager again and expand the Ports (COM & LPT) item. Find the item called Silicon Labs CP210x USB to UART Bridge (COM4) where COMx at the end shows the COM port number of the ESP32 Devkit board. Now that we know the COM port number, we can connect to the board.

Start Tera Term and close the new connection dialog box that pops up. On the top menu select Setup → Serial port.... In the dialog box that opens, select the COM port that you found in device manager and the following parameters: Baud rate: 115200, Data: 8 bit, Parity: none, Stop: 1 bit and Flow control: none as shown in the image below.

ESP32 Devkit Serial Port Settings in Tera Term

Click OK when done. Tera Term should now connect to the Devkit board and information from the board should scroll up the terminal window. Finally the Lua command prompt should appear as shown in the image below. If no connection was made, select File → New connection... from the top menu. Select the Devkit COM port in the dialog box that opens, make sure that Serial is selected and click OK.

Tera Term Lua Prompt

At the prompt, enter the following Lua command that will restart the board and display the boot-up messages again.

The board can also be manually reset by pressing the EN button found next to the micro-USB connector.

Connecting to the ESP32 in Linux using Minicom

Minicom must initially be set up with the communication parameters for the ESP32 Devkit board. This only has to be done once.

Before continuing, make sure that you are a member of the dialout group. This can be changed by opening Users and Groups in Linux Mint. You will need to log out and then back in again for the changes to take effect.

Setting Up Minicom

Open a command line terminal window and enter the following to start the Minicom setup. This will change the default Minicom settings, so must be started as super user because the settings file is saved in the main file system.

A menu will appear. Use the down arrow key to move to Serial port setup and then hit the enter key. Type A to change the serial port to the port that the ESP32 Devkit board is connected to. E.g. change it to /dev/ttyUSB0 and then hit the Enter key. Hit F to set the Hardware Flow Control to No. The default communication parameters should already be right for the board – 115200 8N1.

The image below shows the minicom serial port parameters set up for the ESP32 Devkit. Just make sure that you change the Serial Device to the correct one for your system.

Minicom ESP32 Devkit Serial Port Settings

Hit the Enter key to get back to the main Minicom menu. Use the down arrow key to select Screen and keyboard then hit the Enter key.

Press the Q key to switch local echo on so that you will be able to see what you are typing in minicom. Hit Enter to get back to the main menu. Now select Exit from Minicom and press Enter.

Starting and Using Minicom

First plug your ESP32 Devkit board into the PC USB port. Start Minicom, by entering minicom in a terminal window. Minicom will start and connect to the Devkit board using the parameters previously set up.

Press the En button found next to the micro-USB connector on the ESP32 Devkit board to reset the board. Boot-up text will scroll across the Minicom window, after which the Lua command prompt will appear.

At the prompt, enter the following Lua command that will restart the board and display the boot-up messages again.

Exiting from Minicom

Stay connected using Minicom for the next test. When you need to exit Minicom, press Ctrl + A on the keyboard, then press the X key. Finally hit the Enter key to select the default 'Yes' to exit.

Testing the Blue LED on GPIO2

It is assumed that you have followed the above instructions and are connected to the ESP32 Devkit board using Tera Term in Windows or Minicom in Linux or have connected using some other serial port terminal program.

At the Lua prompt in the serial port terminal, enter the following commands to first set GPIO2 (pin connected to the blue LED) as an output pin and then switch the blue LED on.

The LED can be switched off by entering the following command.

Basic Tests Finished

This concludes the very basic testing of the ESP32 Devkit board. If you managed to run all of the above tests successfully, then you know that your board is powering up correctly, serial communications are working and the microcontroller is booting Lua. Also the blue LED is working which means that the microcontroller is running and responding to commands.

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